Glossary

Capital Call

Definition

A capital call refers to a formal request made by a venture capital fund to its limited partners for additional capital contributions. This request is made when the fund requires additional funds to support new investments or to meet its ongoing operational needs.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is a venture capital fund?
A: A venture capital fund is a type of investment fund that provides capital to startup companies or small businesses with high growth potential.

Q: Who are limited partners?
A: Limited partners are individuals or institutions that invest in a venture capital fund but have limited liability. They contribute capital to the fund and share in the profits and losses of the fund's investments.

Q: Why do venture capital funds make capital calls?
A: Venture capital funds make capital calls when they need additional funds to make new investments or to support the ongoing operations of the fund. These funds are typically invested in high-risk, high-reward opportunities, and capital calls allow the fund to take advantage of such opportunities.

Q: How are capital calls structured?
A: Capital calls are typically structured based on the terms outlined in the limited partnership agreement. The agreement defines the timing, frequency, and method of making capital calls, as well as the rights and obligations of the limited partners.

Q: Are limited partners obligated to contribute to capital calls?
A: Yes, limited partners are contractually obligated to contribute to capital calls as outlined in the limited partnership agreement. Failure to fulfill these obligations may result in penalties or the dilution of their ownership stake in the fund.

Q: What happens to the capital contributed through capital calls?
A: The capital contributed through capital calls is used by the venture capital fund to make new investments, support existing portfolio companies, or cover operational expenses. The fund's general partners are responsible for managing and deploying these funds in accordance with the fund's investment strategy.

Q: Can limited partners refuse to participate in capital calls?
A: Limited partners generally cannot refuse to participate in capital calls unless explicitly allowed by the terms of the limited partnership agreement. However, if a limited partner chooses not to contribute, their ownership stake in the fund may be diluted, and they may miss out on potential returns.

Q: How are capital contributions calculated?
A: The calculation of capital contributions depends on the terms outlined in the limited partnership agreement. Typically, contributions are based on the limited partner's committed capital, which is the amount they agreed to invest in the fund when joining as a limited partner.

Q: Are there any risks associated with capital calls?
A: While capital calls are a common practice in venture capital funds, there are risks involved. Limited partners should carefully evaluate the fund's investment strategy, track record, and the potential risks associated with the investments made by the fund before committing to capital calls.

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